The latest developments in the area of heat treatment requirements should be followed by everyone in the pallet industry. There are three invasive species that the pallet (and wood) industry are going to be dealing with in the near future: EAB (Emerald Ash Borer), Woodwasp (Spirax), and Pine Shoot Beetle. The NWPCA National Wood Pallet and Container Association is working hard to get the government to implement nation-wide standards based on the international standard ISPM-15 for these reasons:

1. Insure lower cost due to the use of private companies (with government accredidation) to inspect the pallet companies.
Just imagine having the government employees perform inspections with much recourse. Furthermore, goverment inspectors would require higher pay and make fewer inspections per day, meaning higher cost to you.

2. Insure that pallets can GO ANYWHERE and not loose market share to Plastics or other materials for that reason.
It is in the interest of the Plastics industry to see a state based compliance program and limits the movement of wooden pallets, strangely the environmental group seems to be hoping for the same. We suggest you do not underestimate this threat and help NWPCA in their efforts.

3. ISPM-15 is significantly cheaper and less intrusive to implement than any USDA standard (see below).
The current inspection system has proven to work and provide the inspection service at reasonable costs to the pallet industry. Most people will understand that any government implemented system will cost the pallet industry 2 to 4 times more.

4. Insure competition across state lines.
Right now companies in Kentucky at the KY/IN border cannot get a compliance agreement to sell into IN. Indiana companies have a competitive disadvantage that includes more administrative work when shipping to KY. This is not right.

Most heat treatment has very similar requirements but we encourage you to study the exact regulations. Therefore, below you can see a summary of the main requirements for different countries and regions.

Rules Only at certified facilities Temperature Minimum treatment period Inspection Sensor calibration
USDA T-304 Yes 71C / 160F internally 75 minutes Monthly by USDA Monthly +-0.5F by government inspector
ISPM-15 Yes 56C / 133F internally 30 minutes Monthly by private company Annually +/-2F by private company

The ISPM-15 may need to be adjusted later to accommodate certain new domestic pests.However, it is obvous that the semi-private system will be the best way for the pallet industry.

ISPM-15 certification companies Phone number E-mail address Web-site
Carolina Inspection Services, Inc. (CIS) 866 753 5738
Continental Inspection Agency 916 718 5217
Conway & Robison, LLC (C&R) 678 642 4036
Export Wood Packaging Inspection Service 719 539 3123
Lee Inspection & Consulting Services, Inc. (LIWP) 800 508 6232
Microforestry Resources, Inc. (MR) 505 228 2581
Missouri Forest Products Association (MFPA) 573 634 3252
National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA) 901 377 1818
Northeastern Lumber Manufacturers Association (NeLMA) 207 829 6901
Pacific Lumber Inspection Bureau (PLIB) 253 835 3344
Package Research Labratory (PRL) 973 627 4405
Redwood Inspection Service (RIS) 415 382 0662
Renewable Resource Associates, Inc. (RRA)  
Southern Pine Inspection Bureau (SPIB) 850 434 2611
Stafford Inspection & Consulting, LLC (SIWP) 407 380 7914
Timber Products Inspection (TP) 770 922 8000
West Coast Lumber Inspection Bureau (WCLIB) 503 639 0651
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